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Title:Development Studies: Self-Help Organizations, NGOs and Civil Society
Publisher:Nepal Foundation for Advanced Studies
Size:142 x 212 mm
The search for answers to the problems of developing countries has continued to widen the frontiers of development studies. Post-war experience of development thinking in the world reveals that there has been enormous growth in development theories. Yet, the growing diversity and complexity in thinking and theories have posed difficulty in suggesting proper policies to respond to every country's specific situations. Partly as a result of a lack of consensus among social scientists and partly as a result of new developments in the fields of science and technology, the application of every development theory has become of limited use.
The growing links between social sciences and development studies, between creative thinking and social creation, and between the theories and praxis of change have led to constant revision of many development theories. Some are renewed with new names while the others are restated. One can easily discern the underlying linkages among growth, trickle-down, modernization, rational choice, structural adjustment and poverty reduction strategy papers. In contrast, theories such as self-help, community development, social justice, equality, solidarity, cooperation, human development, human security, Millennium Development Goals etc. also bear some sorts of consensus. The ideological justifications for these two sets of development studies have emerged from the diverse images of human beings, nafure of society, social values, and institutions. But their roots of difference lie deeper than what classical political economists call a contradiction between capital and labor, between ends and means, and between organizations and aspirations of human beings.
What is new now is that emerging social movements, growth in NGOs and civil society organtzations, and growing global agreements on environment, gender issues, social development, human security, cooperation, social justice, democracy, human rights, etc. have esurrected human being as a core of development discourse and studies. In this context, this book intends to provide a broad outline on the parameters of development studies. We hope, it will be useful for those interested in the field concerned. We are grateful to Anand Aditya and Hari Uprety for their critical comments, Daniel Reichart for encouragement and Shiv Raj Dahal for formatting the text.
Heinz Bongartz and Dev Raj Dahal